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Art Basics for beginners

Art Basics for beginners

Artist Basics


Trying to find a good way to get started in art can be intimidating but no need to fret this quick guide can show you how you can get started without dropping a fortune on an art school education, while this broad overview of the art basics showing you how you can get started.

Who is this quick guide for? For people who may be completely new to drawing or amateur hobbyist who want to learn to get better at drawing or want to explore art.

Before we get started we should explain this is a very general overview for a more in depth understanding of a specific technique or information on a type of art may need more extensive reference material that is not covered in this article. This article is intended to give you the general notes and references to get a general grasp of the visual arts basics every artist learn from the beginning of their art education.


A line is very basic it can vary from thickness in length and direction. From organic ,straight and curve even zigzag.  There are many variations in this from 

  • Continuous lines
  • contour lines
  • Gesture drawing
  • movement drawing
  • Cross contour drawing
  • Hatching
  • cross hatching
  • small dashes

all these types of lines help you develop a keen understanding of what good and clean lineart can help accomplish.


basic shapes like circles,triangles and squares it can be geometric,organic and combination.  a square,cube,cube with perspective,draw a circle,an ellipse,a cylinder and sphere.


  • primary colors
  • secondary colors
  • tertiary colors, 

primary colors: 3 pigment colors that cannot be mixed or formed by any combination of other colors. all other colors are derived from these 3 hues.

secondary colors: green,orange and purple these  colors formed by mixing the primary colors.

tertiary colors: yellow-orange,red-orange and red-purple,blue purple and blue green and yellow green, these colors are made by mixing primary and secondary. 

Warm and Cool colors:

tints,shades and tones

tintsL adding white to a pure hue

shades: adding black to a pure hue

tones: adding gray to a pure hue


a visual illusion giving an object or shape surface quality created by using visual elements. common texture will fall under these two categories:

rough and smooth

rough: course,bumpy,dry,flat,scaly,glossy,sandy,hairy,hard,prickly,sharp,sticky

smooth: fine,slick,wet,wrinkled,silky,matte,slimy,bald,soft,velvety,dull,slippery.

Form and Space: 

an element of art that is three-dimensional and closes volume includes height width and depth as in a cube a sphere a pyramid or a cylinder,form may also be free flowing.

space: an element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achievement in a work of art.

form is design an art element that has three dimensions .forms are grouped as their geometric or organic.


And that's the quick rundown if you learn these terminologies and basic concepts you will have a great vast knowledge and understanding of what it takes to become an artist and what the core fundamentals are to create artwork. These foundations are useful in all mediums from illustration to painting even sculpture. The basics are very essential to learn and to understand.

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